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One of India's most elaborate and stunning outfits is the Banarasi saree, which is worn all over the nation during weddings and special occasions. All generations adore this bridal favorite for its unrivaled beauty and splendor. Varanasi, an ancient city, and the nearby villages are the only places where Banarasi sarees are made, using special methods and distinctive patterns.

This ethnic garment is stunning due to the numerous complex and intricate designs woven into six yards. Despite advancements in technology, this Banarasi saree is still woven by hand in Varanasi, using intricate designs made of gold and silver threads. Every woman's first choice for sarees now is one of these stunning and sophisticated garments. Women all over the world have come to love their stylish and exotic weavings by designers who use zari, motifs, and emeralds. 

The dual influence of Mughal and Hindu cultures on the textile and designs are primarily responsible for the distinctive appearance of these woven silk sarees. In particular, fine varieties of silk and muslin have long been produced in abundance in Banaras or Varanasi for aristocrats and royalty. 


Origin of Banarasi Silk Sarees

The Hindu mythology of the Ramayana, which was popular between 1000 and 300 B.C., is where Indian sarees first appeared. The Mughal Empire brought intricate weaving and design skills from Banarasi silk to India. The Mughals and Indian cultures are mixed in modern-day Banarasi silk. Silk for this saree used to be imported from China; today, silk is sourced from southern regions of India. 

The intricate designs of intertwining flowers, figures, jal or net and leaves,, as well as the tight weave, metallic sheen, gold work, and fine feel, set Banarasi silk apart from other types of silk. The Banarasi saree is made from the finest materials, including soft southern Indian silks and fine gold and silver zari threads. 

In the past, only Chinese silk and genuine gold and silver were used to make Banarasi sarees, and each one had a completely distinct pattern. Although it still takes up to a year to make these one-of-a-kind sarees, most Banarasi sarees today use less expensive alternatives like gold-plated bronze threads to satisfy consumer demand. They are either made of kora (raw) silk or brocade, also known as organza, and decorated with gold or silver zari and silk. They are divided into sub-types like Jangla, Tanchoi, cutwork, Tissue, and butidar depending on the designs and materials used.

Pure Banarasi silk sarees are still the most popular choice among brides, not only because they are the most opulent-looking option, but also because they are a traditional component of the bridal trousseau in north India. 


Banarasi Saree and its Elements   

The Uttar Pradesh city of Varanasi is where Banarasi sarees are made. They are among the finest traditional sarees in India and are very heavy due to their elaborate embroidery, making them perfect for celebrations, weddings, and other special occasions. 

Additionally, Persian motifs are incorporated into Indian designs to produce unique flower patterns for the sarees still in use today. The royal family originally used real gold and silver threads to adorn the Banarasi sarees. The threads have been swapped out for colored gold and silver threads to make them more widely accessible today. This well-known saree is woven on a handloom with eye-catching patterns and hues and is distributed all over the world.


Banarasi Saree & Its Manufacturing Process

 

A Banarasi saree is typically finished in 15 to 30 days of weaving time. However, it depends on how intricate the patterns and designs are. This saree typically requires the work of three weavers. A saree is woven by one person; bundles are handled by a second person using a rotating ring, and border design is done by a third person. The Banarasi saree is a collaborative effort. A Banarasi saree should have approximately 5600 threaded wires, each of which should be 45 inches wide. The artisans create a base that is 24–26 inches long. At the bundling stage, the motif design process begins.

By drawing the designs and color schemes on graph paper, an artist created design boards. Following the creation of punch cards, hundreds of perforated cards are made to fit a single saree design after the final design has been chosen. On the loom, various hues and threads are knit to create the perforated cards. After that, the perforated cards are paddled methodically to make sure the main weave picks up the proper colors and patterns. 


Banarasi Saree Designs 

 

The categories of the Banarasi saree include Tissue, Butidar, Cutwork, Tanchoi, and Jangla. Golden Zari brocade is woven into tissue sarees to give them a sheen. Self-woven paisleys are used as a pattern on the saree's borders and pallu. Silver, silk, and gold brocade threads are used in the weaving of butidar sarees. The brocade pattern is known as Ganga-Jumuna because the gold threads are a darker shade of gold than the silver threads.

Jamdani sarees are more expensive than cutwork sarees. They are the end result of a cutwork teque applied to a plain texture. Cutwork sarees frequently have leaves, jasmine, creepers, and marigold flowers as decorative elements. Weft silk yarns in vibrant colors are used to weave the designs on tanchoi saris. Large paisley manchornd criss-cross patterns are used as decorations on this saree. 

Jangal sarees are made of vibrant silk threads, and they have intricately woven Jangala motifs and natural vegetation all over them. This Banarasi saree, which is available on online stores, is perfect for indding events. 

 

Types of Banarasi Sarees

The Georgette, Shattir, Organza with zari and silk, and Katan fabric types are the four main fabric types used in Banarasi sarees. 

Crepe yarn is interwoven with both the warp and the weft to create the delicately woven light fabric known as georgette. It is popular for creating Bollywood sarees, designer sarees, and salwar kameez outfit designs.

Beautiful contemporary and expensive Banarasi saree designs are created using shatter fabric.

Warp and weft are used to create the most exquisite Brocade patterns and designs on the richly woven fabric known as organza. Zari brocade is made by weaving silk yarns around silver threads that have been coated in gold.

Pure silk sarees are made from pure silk threads woven into a plain fabric called katan. Beautiful motifs and patterns found on katan sarees were once woven by handlooms, but today, power looms and rapid looms are used to create them.

How to Style Banarasi Saree with Modern Jewelry 

 

Banarasi sarees are one of the few items of clothing that are both traditional and modern, and they have grown to be incredibly popular in recent years. On the red carpet, numerous Bollywood actresses have sported Banarasi silk sarees, and fashion designers have also experimented with the traditional styles. As a result, they greatly influence popular culture and are widely visible, from fashion runways to fashion magazines. Despite the fact that women have long worn Banarasi sarees for important events like weddings and festivals, its recent emergence as a style statement has encouraged wearers to try out new looks.

The blouse is a necessary saree accessory as well as a great way to accessorize. Thick brocade blouses in the same color and pattern were traditionally worn with sarees, and this timeless look is still popular today. The ideal wedding look can be achieved by adding some heavy gold jewelry and a pair of gold high heel sandals. 

On the other hand, those who want to try something new can adopt the new Bollywood trend of pairing georgette Banarasi sarees with relatively straightforward designs with a high collar, long-sleeve silk blouse with rich and distinctive patterning. The blouse underneath will be visible. Thanks to the translucent georgette fabric, which makes it the focal point of the ensemble.

Brides typically choose traditional Kundan and Polki sets of bangles, earrings, and necklaces. Meena Kari or gold filigree necklaces would be excellent choices for events or festivals.

Conclusion 

In terms of silk production, India is behind China. India exports silk to more than 200 nations, and demand is rising, particularly in Europe and America. Because of their distinctive patterns and intricate designs, these traditional and beautiful Banarasi silk sarees are well known throughout the world. Nowadays, Bollywood stars and well-known people wear Banarasi sarees to weddings and other formal events. The Banarasi saree is a wardrobe essential. 






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